The landmark of Lhasa, used to be the winter palace for the Dalai Lamas.
* History: Built from the 7th century.
* Distance from downtown: 0Km / 0Hours Drive
*Entrance fee:RMB200 P/P in High season(May 1st-Oct 31st);
RMB100 P/P in low season (Nov 1st-Apr 30st)
*Opening time:9:00-12:00&15:00-17:00,except holidays and major events.
* Visiting Time: 1 hour be allowed.
* Address: No.35, Beijing Middle Road, Lhasa
* Best visiting time: June – October
Potala Palace, was translated from Sanskrit“Potalaka”,means“Buddhist Shrine”.It lies on the northeast of red hill,built for the marriage of Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo and Tang-Dynasty princes Wengcheng.It has more than 1300 years history.The art of the Potala Palace’s buildings,combined with thousands of Tibetan Buddhism temples and palaces,are the most outstanding representative of the building types.The whole palace was built according to the Terrain ，that makes it magnificent,although many buildings were built in different times different dynasties。It’s the unique illustration in china and around the world
The main building is divided into two parts “Red Palace” and “White Palace”.White Palace was named because of the white wall.It’s the winter residence for Dalai Lamas,and ever been the administrative institution for Tibetan government.The Red Palace in the middle of the grand building,with the red outer wall.The palace with a mandala layout,revolves around successive Dalai Lamas’ tombs.there are many scripture and Buddhist halls,made the red palace connect with the white palace even as one.Five tombs in the red palace,the largest one is for the 5th Dalai Lama,they are most important halls in it.
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The main building of the Potala Palace is 117-meter high,appearance looks 13 floors,actually it’s only 9 floors with one thousand palaces.The East and west sides of the building respectively extend downward,connects with the stone walls.The stone walls are 6-meter high, bottom width is 4.4 meter, top width is 2.8 meter.The whole palace is surrounded by the stone walls.The Potala Palace was almost all destroyed,when Tubo dynasty was perished. Only two Buddhist temples come out of the war.After that,the political center of Tibet transfered to Sakya,and the Potala Palace was in dilapidated. 1642 AD, the 5th
Dalai lama set up the regime,Lhasa become the political center of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau again.1645 AD,he started to rebuild the Potala Palace,three years later,it was Completed,named “White Palace” as known.1653 AD,the 5th
Dalai Lama moved into the Potala Palace.Since then,Dalai Lamas lived here,and the most important religious and political activities were hold here,then it become the ruling center.In order to placing the 5th
Dalai Lama’s tomb,the assistant continued extending the palace,not only the local workers,but also the workers of Qing and Nepal government took part in the construction ,formed the present “Red Palace” as is known,more than 7700 workers worked everyday.It spend 48 years to finish the whole Potala Palace.After the 14th
Dalai Lama leaving Tibet(1959 AD),It was not political place any more,only for religious function.
The Potala Palace sets the religion,politics,history and art in one.It is referred to the “Tibet Museum”.
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