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Lhasa,is the captial of Tibet Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China.It has always been the center of politics, economy and culture in Tibet,and aslo the holy land of Tibetan Buddhism.Lhasa literally means “place of the gods”.
It belong to the plateau climate temperate semi-arid monsoon climate zone,the weather is sunny all the year round,rainfall scarce,winter without cold, summer without heat, annual sunshine hours of 3000 hours,among the best cities in China,so it has also the laudatory title of “sun city”.
Lhasa is located in the central part of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau,3650 meters above sea level,it is one of the highest city in the world.A tributary of the Yarlung Tsangpo river—Lhasa river throughout this city,the snowy Nyainqentanglha mountain peaks and valleys.extending 315 km,in Quxu country this river water into the Yarlung Tsangpo river, forming large area landscape.
Most of the early history of Tibet spread through oral communication,few file records,so generated considerable controversy.There is a very old record about the Lhasa region’s s history,in the first century,the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is dotted with all kinds of Tibetan tribes.The Tibetan history book called this “12 small county” or “40 small country”.
According to contemporary historians can not be determined by the Tibet legend,by the mid 7th century, Songtsän Gampo became the leader of the Tibetan Empire that had risen to power in the Brahmaputra River.
In 641 AD,Sontzen gampo had conquered the whole Tibet region,married with Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty,two years before,he firstly married with Princess Bhrikuti of Nepal.Princess Wencheng joined in Sontzen Gampo luxury temple construction.According to the legend that Pricncess Wengcheng selected a lake for the temple of location,and use the goats back earth to fill the lake.The Akshobhya Vajra (depicting the Buddha at the age of eight) was brought to Lhasa by Princess Bhrikyti placed here.This temple is now the Jokhang Temple.Temple has become a symbol of the kingdom and early named Lhasa, meaning “holy land” in the Tibetan language.The Jowo Sakyamuni (depicting Buddha at the age of twelve)was brought to Lhasa by Pincess Wengcheng placed in Ramoche Temple.After the Pincess Jincheng of Tang Dynasty married to Tibet,exchanged the two Buddhas.So the Jowo Sakyamuni (depicting Buddha at the age of twelve) is in the Jokhang Temple.Whether this is true or not,so the story goes.
The 5th Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), unified Tibet and moved the centre of his administration to Lhasa in 1642 with the help of Güshi Khan of the Khoshut. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the 5th Dalai Lama and his intimates established a civil administration which is referred to by historians as the Lhasa state. The core leadership of this government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang, and Lhasa thereafter became both the religious and political capital. In 1645, the reconstruction of the Potala Palace began on Red Hill. In 1648, the Potrang Karpo (White Palace) of the Potala was completed, and the Potala was used as a winter palace by the Dalai Lama from that time onwards.
The Potrang Marpo (Red Palace) was added between 1690 and 1694. The name Potala is derived from Mount Potalaka, the mythical abode of the Dalai Lama’s divine prototype, the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. The Jokhang Temple was also greatly expanded around this time. Although some wooden carvings and lintels of the Jokhang Temple date to the 7th century, the oldest of Lhasa’s extant buildings, such as within the Potala Palace, the Jokhang and some of the monasteries and properties in the Old Quarter date to this second flowering in Lhasa’s history.
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provisions of paragraph
|Date of Cancellation||Charge Incurred|
|1 months in advance||20% of total trip cost, excludes the lost caused by refunding air tickets.|
|7 to 29 days in advance||50% of total trip cost, excludes the lost caused by refunding air tickets.|
|Less than 7 days in advance||100% of total trip cost, excludes the lost caused by refunding air tickets.|
|No show up||100% of total trip cost|
2、Cancellation 10 days before departure due to political reason or natural force,
No cancellation charge on local tour, but the lost caused by refunding flight tickets
and train tickets is on travelers.
the starting point or tourists specified
leading to the termination of the
cannot avoid the incident）,
paragraph 2 in article 9、paragraph 2 in article 10 and paragraph 3 in article 10 to
cancel the contract,bear by tourists.